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Cálculo diferencial e integral [William Anthony Granville] on por Steven T. Byington. ; revisión de la traducción por Antonio Romero Juárez. Su estructura didáctica permite una rápida comprensión; incluye detalles en las Calculo Diferencial e Integral William Anthony Granville math spanish edition. Results 1 – 30 of Calculo diferencial e integral by n/a and a great selection of related Published by Livros Tecnicos E Cientificos Editora, Rio De Janeiro () . Calculo diferencial e integral / Elements of: Granville, William Anthony.

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Cálculo Diferencial e Integral by William Anthony Granville (Other) | eBay

This is an updated and upgraded edition. A comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting main, general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition with specific geometric practices.

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Cálculo Diferencial e Integral by William Anthony Granville (Other)

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Download Citation on ResearchGate | Applying IEC , Fault Current Calculations | Rather than the short-circuit current that would occur in a specific. Applying IEC , short-circuit current calculations. Abstract: Rather than the short-circuit current that would occur in a specific instance, IEC derives. The initial short circuit current for a is as per IEC Equation

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EasyPower offers a complete and accurate solution to short-circuit vircuit in three-phase AC systems using the IEC standard. You can enter equipment data and parameters via user friendly interface.

The IEC standard terminology is used in the 69009 interface and reports. You can obtain the following values of short-circuit shrot at the fault location for both maximum and minimum short circuit currents:. You can view the currents in various formats such as phase currents for A, B and C phases or in symmetrical components: Corresponding voltages can be displayed at the buses.

The values can be displayed in magnitude, magnitude and angle, or in real and imaginary quantities. EasyPower uses the equivalent voltage source at the short-circuit location, symmetrical components impedance network, and the voltage factor c as described in section 2.

The short-circuit impedances for electrical equipment are modified using impedance corrections factors that are calculated based on section 3. Impedance correction factors are applied for network or utility K Qgenerators K Gpower stations units with on-load tap changer K Spower stations units without on-load tap changer K SOand two- and three-winding transformers K T.

For minimum short-circuit currents, the resistances are based on the estimated temperature at the end of the short-circuit condition. For minimum short-circuit calculations the motor contribution is excluded. Capacitors and non-rotating loads are not included in the calculations.

The program is designed to address short-circuits in meshed networks. The voltage factor c is used to scale the equivalent voltage source in the calculations to account for variations in the system voltage. This factor is also used in calculating impedance correction factors.

EasyPower uses the following c factors as the default for maximum and minimum short-circuit conditions. You can modify these values as needed in the short circuit options.

EasyPower applies impedance correction factors in short circuit calculation based on IEC standard. The transformer correction factor K T for two winding units with or without on-load tap changer LTC is calculated as follows per section 3.

The correction factors for three-winding transformers with or without LTC are calculated using the following equations. The synchronous generator impedance correction factor K G for generators without unit transformers is calculated as follows per section 3.

Z S is the corrected impedance of a power station unit with LTC to the high-voltage side. Z THV is the impedance of the unit transformer referred to the high-voltage side without correct factor K T. U nQ is the nominal system voltage at the feeder connection point Q of the power station unit.

The initial symmetrical current calculatino calculated based on section 4. This is the first step to calculattion most values. Subtransient impedances are used for rotating machines with the impedance correction factors. As described in the methodology the solution is obtained using the equivalent voltage source at the short-circuit location, symmetrical components impedance network, and the voltage factor c.

EasyPower calculates the Peak currents i p based on cifcuit 4. The following methods are supported for meshed networks as per section 4. The method described above is for 3-phase short circuit. The implementation is as per sections 4. For rotating machines the current contributions to short-circuit decays over time. Breaking currents are calculated at 0.

DC component of short-circuit current at breaking times: Steady-state short-circuit current I k is calculated based on section 4. Motor contributions are excluded. For unbalanced faults, equations 868788 and 89 are used. Asymmetrical currents for the initial and the four breaking time intervals are also calculated calculagion use in protective device coordination. Asymmetrical currents are calculated as the root mean square of the symmetrical and dc components. Asymmetrical values can be used with protective devices that respond to the asymmetrical currents.

Currents flowing through sources, cables, lines, transformers and other equipment are also calculated. Voltages at remote buses are also provided. These remote currents and voltages are useful for relay setting. IEC section 6 provides a sample calculation as a benchmark test circujt software programs to compare.

The comparison of results is summarized below. Three-phase short-circuit currents for breaking I b at0.

IEC Short-Circuit in EasyPower

EasyPower compares the short circuit results with protective device short-circuit ratings and displays the results in the text report and in the single line diagram. For high voltage circuit calcullation, the peak cicruit is compared with the making capacity and the breaking current is compared with the rated breaking capacity.

Fuses and low voltage circuit breakers ratings are compared with initial currents. Switches use the peak current to compare with making capacity. High voltage circuit breaker data comes with the DC time constant. The EasyPower library is populated with data for circuit breakers, fuses and switches. The short circuit rating is part of the data library. In the equipment short-circuit duty report, comments and text colors provide indication of problem areas.

EasyPower provides the option of showing a warning when the short-circuit duty percent is above a user defined safety margin threshold but below the violation level. Short-circuit on any bus results in voltage drop shorh other near buses in the system. You can set a voltage sensitivity threshold in the options such that any bus with voltage below this value will be highlighted red in the single line view and shown in the voltage sensitivity report.

The short-circuit calculation provides the phase angle of the branch currents and the bus voltages at various equipment. The phase angles displayed are relative to the applied equivalent voltage source being at zero angle. Transformers having different winding configurations, such as a delta connection on one side and a star wye connection on the other side, have a designated shift in the phase angles of currents and voltages.

For remote buses and branches across transformers, a phase angle shift is applied accordingly by the short circuit calculations. IEC standard specifies clock number notation and their respective phase angle shift for transformers. EasyPower provides the necessary phase angle shift of remote voltages and currents for IEC rated transformers in the IEC short circuit analysis.

For transformers with delta and start wye winding connections, the clock notations 1,3,5,7,9 and 11 are supported in the database. These have, 90, and 30 degrees phase shift respectively based on the high voltage side taken as the reference. The IEC short-circuit results are integrated with the protective 609009 coordination tools in EasyPower. The following features are supported:.

Time-current characteristic curves showing device curves clipped at the right side and short-circuit tick marks. EasyPower supports the following four types of short-circuit conditions as per IEC Calculated Values You can calcu,ation the following values of short-circuit currents at the fault location for both maximum and minimum short circuit currents: Display of short-circuit currents You can view the currents in various formats such as phase currents for A, B and C phases or in symmetrical components: Short-circuit currents decaying over time Methodology Ief uses the equivalent voltage source at the short-circuit location, symmetrical components impedance network, and the voltage factor c as described in section 2.

Voltage Factors c The voltage factor c is used to scale the equivalent voltage source in the calculations to account for variations in the system voltage. Transformer Impedance Correction Factors The transformer correction factor K T for two winding units with or without on-load tap changer LTC is calculated as follows 6909 section 3.

Synchronous Generator Impedance Correction Factor The synchronous generator impedance correction factor K G for generators without unit transformers is calculated as follows per section 3.

Peak current based on method b: This method applies the 1. Peak current based on method c: As per section 4. Also, all synchronous machines use the resistance R Gf in place of R G in accordance with section 3.

IEC-60909 Short-Circuit in EasyPower

Symmetrical Short-Circuit Breaking Currents I b For rotating machines the current contributions to short-circuit decays over time. Steady-state short-circuit current I k Steady-state short-circuit current I k is calculated based on section 4.

Asymmetrical Currents Asymmetrical currents for the initial and the four breaking time intervals are also calculated for use in protective device coordination. Remote Currents and Voltages Currents flowing cirvuit sources, cables, lines, transformers and other equipment are also calculated. Line-to-earth short-circuit currents for Initial symmetrical rms and peak Short-Circuit Duty Calculations EasyPower compares the short circuit results with protective device short-circuit ratings and displays the results in the text report and in the single line diagram.

Example HV breaker ratings in the device library Figure 4: Ratings for HV breaker in project file loaded from the library In the equipment short-circuit duty report, comments and text colors provide indication of problem areas. Short-circuit duty results displayed in the single line drawing Table 5: Short-circuit equipment duty report Shoort Sensitivity Analysis Short-circuit on any bus results in voltage drop in other near buses in the system.

Highlighting of buses when voltage is below threshold Figure 7: Voltage sensitivity report for buses with voltage below threshold Transformer Phase Shift The short-circuit calculation calcjlation the phase angle of the branch currents and the bus voltages at various equipment. Shift in current angle across delta-wye transformer Integration with Protective Device Coordination The IEC short-circuit results are integrated with the protective device coordination tools in EasyPower.

The following features are supported: View of the single line diagram in the time current characteristics TCC plot for protective devices. You can fault a single bus or all buses in the single-line diagram to view the short-circuit currents at the faulted buses.

You can also view the remote branch currents and remote bus voltages. The short-circuit current through any protective device can be used to clip the TCC curve of the device.


The Island: An Anthology of the Buddha’s Teachings of Nibbana [Ajahn Pasanno, Ajahn Amaro] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Ajahn Amaro (born ) is a Theravāda Buddhist monk and teacher, and abbot of the (, Patriya Tansuhaj); The Island: An Anthology of the Buddha’s. The Island: An Anthology of the Buddha’s Teachings on Nibbana. by Ajahn Amaro and Ajahn Pasanno. Usage Attribution-Noncommercial-No.

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He is a second cousin of I. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The Island: Teachings on Nibbana – Forest Sangha

Views Read Edit View history. Having become a lay renunciatefour months later he became ajzhn novice and in he received upasampada from Ajahn Chah and took profession as a Theravadin bhikkhu.

The land was allocated to establish a forest retreat. This page was last edited on 2 Octoberat The centre, in practice as much for ordinary people as for monastics, is inspired by the Thai forest tradition and the teachings of the late Ajahn Chah.

Apart from a certain interest islanf the theories of Rudolf Steiner —to which he had been introduced by Trevor RavenscroftAmaro’s principal lsland on leaving university were, by his own admission, pretty much those standard-issue among sceptical students of the day: Bedford College, London B. Retrieved from ” https: Its chief priorities are the practice and teaching of Buddhist ethicstogether with traditional concentration and insight meditation techniques, as an effective way of dissolving suffering.

He stayed in Thailand for two years.

A Buddhist Perspective on the Teachings of Jesus. Co-Abbot of Abhayagiri Buddhist Monastery — The latter thee on 8 February that he would be leaving Abhayagiri and returning to England, having accepted a request from Ajahn Sumedho to succeed him as abbot at Amaravati.

Horner —late President of the Pali Text Society. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He made the entire mile journey on foot, chronicled in his volume Tudong: Having completed his honours degree in psychology and physiologyin he went to MalaysiaIndonesia and Thailand on an undefined “open-ended” spiritual search.

Many who attended his meditation retreats became enthusiastic about the possibility of establishing a permanent monastic community in the area.

It changed his life.

With the blessing of his abbotin he moved to Harnham Vihara in Northumberland. The Long Road North.

The Island: An Anthology of the Buddha’s Teachings on Nibbana

Care for what became Abhayagiri was placed in the hands of a group of lay practitioners, the Sanghapala Foundation. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Ajahn Chah’s charismatic impact and the encouragement of the senior American monk Ajahn Pabhakaro were decisive. He somehow found himself in northeast Thailand, at the forest monastery of Wat Pah Nanachat. Abbot of Amaravati Buddhist Monastery since In the early s Amaro made several teaching trips to northern California.


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If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Add both to Cart Add both to List. Helpful diagrams and text will get you up and running quickly. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. This has been an invaluable wjeel for understanding chord progressions and helping when I’m “hearing” a chord in my head, but can’t quite find it.

The Chord Wheel: The Ultimate Tool for All Musicians by Jim Fleser

Product details Format Fold-out book or chart 12 pages Dimensions Refresh and try again. Andrea Rose rated it it was amazing Jun 27, I have played bass guitar, electric and acoustical guitar and keyboard somewhat for years and have recently picked up playing a ukulele, which only has 4 strings and is tuned entirely different than guitar.

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The Chord Wheel

Dispatched from the UK in 2 business days When will my order arrive? Improvise and Solo Talk about chops!

Share your thoughts with cohrd customers. Chord and key relationships are inseparable, and learning these relationships is a must in becoming a successful musician. Sara McFarland rated it it was amazing Dec 03, Useful tool for songwriters new to music theory.

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Avoid disclosing contact information email addresses, phone numbers, etc. Jul 07, Ann rated it nook liked it Shelves: No music reading is necessary. Thanks for telling us about the problem.

Great reference tool to take the self taught guitarist to another level of understanding of music theory. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, choed engage customers. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience. Shaw rated it really liked it Dec 05, Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime.

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All submitted reviews become the licensed property of Sheet Music Plus and are subject to all laws pertaining thereto. Comprehend key structure like never before; Transpose Keys — Instantly transpose any progression into each and every key; Compose Your Own Music — Watch your songwriting blossom!

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Heterocromatina – cu localizare la periferia nucleului, condensată și cu Poate fi de două tipuri: heterocromatină constitutivă (heterocromatină ce nu este. Na maioría dos organismos, a heterocromatina constitutiva aparece arredor do centrómero dos cromosomas e. HETEROCROMATINA Definición: Desde el punto de vista de un alumno: ” Hetero” significa mezcla, es decir, es ADN más histonas. Según un.

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These findings differed from those obtained for T.

Acceso en Julio Reportan los siguientes cariotipos: A heterocromatina facultativa caracter. After pairing, the chromosomes were classified as acrocentric Atotally euchromatic acrocentric A epseudoacrocentric A M or totally heterochromatic metacentricbased on the location of the constitutive heterochromatin and on the nomenclature proposed by Imai Acceso en heterofromatina Agosto In the other chromosomes of T.

X spinosissima un valor intermedio de 18, Fig.

Reynolds T Aloes: Fri Sep 25, 8: Annals of Botany 82 Suppl. Argentina Schifferli y col. Journal of Genetics Mutagen-induced chromosome instability in farm animals. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits hetreocromatina use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The document has moved here. No registered users and 9 guests.

Who could help me? The heteromorphy between homeologous pairs are observed. The Plant List Version 1.

Heterocromatina – Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

Plant Sysematics and Evolution Paszko B A critical review and a new proposal of karyotype asymmetry indices. Exp Cell Res Debido a que muchas de sus especies [cf. Air – Wikimedia Commons ; Media in category “Air” The following 41 files are in this category, out of 41 total. Bulletin Faculty Agronomy Kagoshima University Consittutiva thanks in advance!

Bangladesh Journal of Botany constitutva Theriogenology 15; 58 7: Banding analysis Cytobios Stebbins GL Chromosomal evolution in higher plants.

heterocromatina constitutiva pdf to jpg

Material and Methods The four species of Trigona studied T. Help me to find this heterocromatina constitutiva pdf to jpg. Heterochromatin decondesation in Creole cattle carrier of Robertsonian franslocation rob 1; The DNA constitutlva is found in the inactive X chromosome of late replication as it is incorporated during the last hours of cell culture. Brandham P The heterocromatlna behavior of inversions in polyploid Aloineae. Studies of the genus Trigona in other biomes should contribute to our knowledge of the karyotypic diversity among these bees.


I’ll be really very grateful. How to cite this article.

Se evidencia la uniformidad mantenida en el cariotipo de Aloecomo se ha reportado en estudios previos Brandham On average, 20 metaphases were analyzed per slide in a total of 40 slides per species.

Braz J Genet Acceso en diciembre Jesus Santiago Moure, Dr.

Chromosome organization and chromatin modification: Medicinal and aromatic plants – industrial profiles. Su porte es semejante al de A.


17 fev. Stanley Kubrick usou a introdução do poema sinfônico “Assim Falou Zaratustra”, de Richard Strauss, em seu filme “, Uma Odisseia no. It is very unlikely that this work is public domain in the EU, or in any country where the copyright term is life-plus years. However, it is in the public domain in.

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Josephslegende Schlagobers Verklungene Feste IMSLP does not staruss any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country. About Strauss’s tone poems List of compositions by Richard Strauss. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although Britannica Online’s entry lists the piece as “Thus spoke Zarathustra”, music encyclopedias usually use “spake”.

Memórias, Momentos e Músicas: Richard Strauss – “Assim Falou Zaratustra” | Rockontro

A typical performance lasts half an hour. Javascript is required for this feature. These selected chapters from Nietzsche’s novel highlight major moments of the character Zarathustra’s philosophical journey in the novel. The book by Nietzsche has been translated both ways and the title of Strauss’s asim is usually rendered in the original German whenever not discussed in the context of One of the major compositional themes of the piece is the contrast between the keys of B major, representing humanityand C major, representing the universe.

It is very unlikely that this work is public domain in the EU, or in any country where the copyright term is life-plus years.

Also sprach Zarathustra, Op.30 (Strauss, Richard)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Also sprach Zarathustra Strauss. The unsolvable end of the universe: A Space Odyssey Soundtrack Credits”.

The tone-poem ends enigmatically in two keys, the Nature-motif plucked softly, by the basses in its original key of C—and above the woodwinds, in the key of B major.

Symphonic poems ; For orchestra ; Scores featuring the orchestra ; For 2 pianos arr ; Scores wssim the piano ; For 2 players ; For piano 4 hands arr ; Zaratustea featuring the piano 4 hands ; For piano arr ; For 1 player.

Work Title Also sprach Zarathustra Alt ernative. Friedrich Nietzsche ‘s Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The major third is immediately changed to a minor thirdwhich is the first note played in the work E flat that is not part of the overtone series.

Retrieved from ” https: Also sprach ZarathustraOp. This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.

Also sprach Zarathustra (Strauss) – Wikipedia

Please obey the copyright laws of your country. Tone poems by Falku Strauss. Retrieved 1 May Ernst Eulenburgn. Performed 27 MayMandel Hall.

As this work was first published adsim or failed to meet notice or renewal requirements to secure statutory copyright with no “restoration” under the GATT amendments, assiim is very likely to be public domain in the USA as well.

Eumir Deodato ‘s funk -influenced arrangement of the opening fanfare Sunrise theme reached 2 on the Billboard Hot U. Dover Publications The piece is divided into nine sections played with only three definite pauses.

This transforms into the brass fanfare of the Introduction and introduces the “dawn” motif from “Zarathustra’s Prologue”, the text of which is included in the printed score that is common throughout the work: Strayss American rock band Phish performs a rendition of the opening fanfare as interpreted by Brazilian musician Eumir Deodato.

Re-engraved by Eulenburg Aibl score is pages. However, it is in the public domain in Canada where IMSLP is hosted and other countries where the term is life-plus years such as China, Japan, Korea and many others worldwide.

Creative Commons Attribution 3. These files are part of the Orchestra Parts Project. Contents 1 Performances 1. The general storylines and ideas in these chapters were the inspiration used to build the tone poem’s structure.

Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. By using zaratustfa site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” http: The band debuted the song at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts on July 16,and has performed the song hundreds of times since.

Der Rosenkavalier film.

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Songbook: Ivan Lins, Vol. 2 [Ivan Lins] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 84 Songs by Ivan Lins and his Partners. Volume 2. Madalena. Songbook Ivan Lins – Volume 1 [Almir Chediak] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Este volume apresenta 42 músicas, entre as quais se. Audio CD; Number of Discs: 1; ASIN: ; Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item; Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #2,, in CDs.

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In the turn. Lins moves to Los Angeles and begins a bright career of composer for sound tracks.

But He curried on playing music as a hobby to be enjoyed secretively, during the night, songboook in the daytime He works as chemist. A year later, the most important meeting of his artistic life: Able to find particular compositive solutions, Lins as interpreter also grows: Sensitive and refined artist, — perhaps, together with Caetano Veloso, the best Brazilian composer since the death of Anthony Carlos Jobim — Ivan Lins has also conquered the not so simple tastes of the most demanding American jazz circles, thanks also to a lot of tours abroad, that have made him to be known as an author of extraordinary melodic vein.

But the spell breaks. It has just been few years, after returning in Brazil, that he has restarted his job as singer songwriter and arranger.

Madalena Ivan Lins Sheet Music, Music Books & Scores At Sheet Music Plus

A fine and eclectic composer that can be seen in many different readings. It is the beginning of a second youth. They ivn interviews and television apparitions, and that introverted boy becomes a star. We are at the beginning of the seventies. Deeply involved in the bossanova music, inside those linguistic coordinates and rhythmic, but also crossed by centrifugal pushes, possessed by a pop spirit in in general sense.

Unfortunately the jazz player died three months later and the album was not realized, but from that moment Jason Miles brought forth the project, than ten years later it was realized an album that included many great artists and Ivan Lins himself, who later confessed that he was him who had sent his tape to Miles Davis Ivan Lins Sensitive and refined artist, — perhaps, together with Caetano Veloso, the best Brazilian composer since the death of Anthony Carlos Jobim — Ivan Lins has also conquered the not so simple tastes of the most demanding American jazz circles, thanks also to a lot of tours abroad, that have made him to be known as an author of extraordinary melodic vein.

Started off from the songbok bossanova, he succeeds in creating attractive pop melodies enjoyable at different levels, original yet pleasant since the first listening. They played instrumental themes and they occasionally exhibited at the Jovem Theater of Rio.

Songbook Ivan Lins – download free sheet music and scores

His return home is put to the test straight away: Lins grows in the creative ferment of lind sixties, when the wind of the pop American and English blows strong in Brazil. Sensitive talent-scout, Ivan also founds a record label— As Velas —for the promotion of young Brazilian musicians. In over thirty years of career he has realised 25 albums. He writes the lyrics, the music is by Waldemar Correia and Ciro Monteiro sings it.

Its story is studded of accidental events, apparently fortuitous. Its name perhaps tells a little to the great public; nevertheless, he is one of the authors more appreciated, beloved and respected by musicians all over the ivn.

Songbook Ivan Lins – Vol. 1, Volume 1

For Lins —that in the meantime founded the University Artistic Movement, with the colleagues Lind Blanc and Gonzaquinha — is a golden moment. The biography of the artist, in fact, seems in many ways a fairy tale story that ends — with unexpected events — with the traditional happy ending. A composer of delicious harmonic complexity and fascinating sense of rhythm, Lins has made himself known in Liins and abroad, for his film sound tracks, composed for many Brazilian films and soap operas.

She understands that his destiny is tied up to composition.

Lins is considered before everything also as a composer, yet he is also recognized as an excellent skilled performer. He is a unique case rather than rare, in the panorama of the music of his country for different uvan.

For this the decision to stop with the show business and with the television system. At the beginning of the eighties, the Midas King of production Quincy Jones wants him to embellish with some carioca spices an album pop-oriented by George Benson.


Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.

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Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life. According to Sullivan, the experiences geoiim the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development.

However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage. The early years of childhood are of paramount importance for personality development.

Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz

At this point, one must look at the data revealed by the personality theories with respect to pskianaliz of change. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence.

According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development. These are topographical model and structural model.


Erikson examines the stages of personality development dnemleru eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics. We see that Erikson carried the views on personality development to a step forward. In fact, it is widely agreed by the psychologists that there are as many personalities as the number of individuals.

As a matter of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud. Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. The primary school years are a prime opportunity to psilanaliz certain mistakes in the family environment.

Show full item record. Gelim cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period. Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud. While the concept of consistency helps us better understand the nature of personality, it faces us to another question on the other hand: As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data paikanaliz the development and change of personality to those teaching religion or those gelliim assume responsibility of educating a child.

Furthermore, Erikson also suggests that the mistakes of previous stage can be fixed in the later stage. Altogether, there are risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality. However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency.

Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness. When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious.

Dnemleeri made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure.

Although there has not been any significant study on this issue yet, the positive and negative impacts of the unconscious in religious education should not be ignored. The issue of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology ddnemleri more than a century.

It is the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child.

In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development. According to Jung, the critical threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Personality, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change. Horney, who studied all his academic life the cultural and social effects on personality development, has made significant contributions to psychology in this field. Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era. Education, which may be defined as the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change potential of man.

According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle.

The second aspect emphasized in the definitions of personality the concept of consistency. The main emphasis of Horney is the cultural and social effects neglected by Psikanaluz.


Methyl Ester Sulfonate had been prepared From Ketapang Seed Oil and was used as Surfactant. The optimum This paper will described the isolation of major . “Über das Piperin, einneuesPflanzenalkaloid” [On piperine, a new plant alkaloid]. (Schweigger’s) Journal. fürChemie und Physik,29(1) INTISARI. Piperin merupakan suatu senyawa alkaloid yang terdapat pada tanaman lada Kata kunci: Piperin, in vitro, isolasi organ, antagonis reseptor AChM3.

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Mendiamkan larutan basa etanol selama satu malam, sampai terbentuk Kristal9. Hasil yang terbentuk tersebut disaring dengan corong Buchner sehingga dapat dihasilkan Kristal yang sudah terpisah dari filtratnya. Pada suhu kamar, senyawa piperin dalam bentuk kristalnya yang memang bersifat polar akan dapat melarut dalam etanol yang juga bersifat polar.

Petunjuk Praktikum Kimia Organik. Makalah Isolasi Piper Nigrum Documents. Selanjutnya memasukkan kertas saring yang isopasi berisi serbuk lada hitam ke dalam alat soxhlet, kemudian memasukkan etanol absolute ke dalam labu bundar dan merangkai alat soxhlet serta melakukan proses ekstraksi selama beberapa jam 3 jam.

Kimia Organik Jilid I. Alkaloids from Piper sarmentosum and Piper nigrum Documents.

Isolasi Piperin Dari Piper Nigrum

Dalam proses soxhletasi pada percobaan ini, menggunakan pelarut berupa etanol. Membungkus lada dengan kertas saring, dan kemudian. Melakukan penggilingan sehingga menjadi serbuk lada yang halus. Akan diperoleh kristal-kristal yang berwarna kuning. Lalu diikat dengan benang gandir agar serbuk tidak pecah atau keluar dari kertas saring pada saat proses ekstraksi berlangsung.

Black Pepper, Piper Nigram.

Isolasi Piperin Dari Piper Nigrum

Pelarut etanol digunakan untuk melarutkan zat yang diinginkan dari dalam lada hitam. Kristal yang diperoleh direkristalisasi menggunakan etanol, rekristalisasi ini didasarkan pada prinsip perbedaan dalam kelarutan pada suatu pelarut tertentu dan suhu tertentu.

Memasukkannya ke dalam alat ekstraksi Soxhlet.

Penambahan larutan KOH dalam etanol bertujuan untuk piperln piperin dari ekstrak pekat tersebut, dimana di dalam ekstrak tersebut terdapat komponen lain ketika ditambahkan KOH-etanol yang menyebabkan piperin yang ada dalam ekstrak tersebut bereaksi menjadi garam asam piperat dan dengan penambahan KOH-etanol dapat mengeliminasi senyawa lainnya, karena dalam ekstak tersebut masih ada zat pengotor.

Sebelum melakukan soxhletasi, dilakukan tahap preparasi atau persiapan, yaitu membungkus sampel serbuk lada hitam yang digunakan dengan kertas saring sedemikian rupa sehingga berbentuk lonjong. Isolasi piperin dari piper nigrum3.

Kemudian filtrate didiamkan dalam larutan es selama satu malam agar terjadi pembentukan Kristal piperin yang sempurna. Menyaring ekstraktan dan melakukan evaporasi untuk memisahkan pelarut etanol absolut 7. Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Piperin pipern Lada Hitam. Proses penyaringan bertujuan agar filtrate dapat terpisah dari zat-zat pengotornya. Melakukan ekstraksi selama 5 jam dengan menggunakan pelarut absosut.

Jadi penambahan larutan KOH-etanol ini bertujuan untuk mengisolasi senyawa piperin dalam bentuk garamnya, karena berdasarkan literature dinyatakan bahwa senyawa golongan alkaloid sering kali diisolasi dalam bentuk garamnya yaitu garam asam piperat.

Etanol digunakan karena baik piperin isolasl etanol memiliki kepolaran yang sama yaitu bersifat polar sehingga etanol mampu melarutkan isolwsi sesuai dengan prinsip like dissolved like. Membersihkan lada hitam perdagangan dari kotoran dan mengeringkannya. Dalam evaporator akan terjadi pemisahan ekstrak dari pelarutnya etanol dengan prinsip pemanasan yang dipercepat oleh putaran labu bundar, pelarut dapat menguap oC di bawah titik didih pelarutnya disebabkan adanya perubahan tekanan.

Gambar ikatan hydrogen antara piperin dan etanol adalah sebagai berikut: Kertas saring digunakan piperun pembungkus karena kertas saring mempunyai dinding yang tipis dan berpori yang dapat memperudah pelarut untuk menyerap piperin yang terkandung di dalam sampel. Cara Kerja Isolasi Piprin Documents.

Dengan bantuan pompa vakum, uap larutan pelarut etanol akan menguap naik ke kondersor dan mengalami kondensasi menjadi molekul-molekul cairan pelarut etanol murni yang ditampung dalam labu bundar sebagai penampung pelarut.

Piper nigrum contains piperin as main phyto- Documents.

Selanjutnya, ekstrak yang pekat tadi ditambahkan dengan larutan KOH dalam etanol dan diperoleh larutan berwarna cokelat kehijau-hijauan. Disamping itu, digunakan penangas minyak karena suhu yang diperlukan untuk memperoleh piperin cukup tinggi lebih dari oCsehingga tidak cocok bila menggunakan penangas air.

Silika gel GF nmFase gerak: ;iperin dan Rilia Iriani. Lalu filtrate yang ada disaring.

Ketika ditambahkan etanol sebagai pelarut, maka osolasi yang ada akan melarut dalam filtratnya, sedangkan zat pengotor seperti piperin yang bersifat nonpolar atau kurang polar tidak larut dalam etanol akan tertinggal di dalam residunya. Dari literature diperoleh bahwa piperin merupakan senyawa alkaloid yang dapat larut dalam alcohol yaitu etaol, dimana antara piperin dengan etanol mampu untuk membentuk ikatan hydrogen.

Makalah Lada Piper Nigrum Documents. Proses yang terjadi selama soxhletasi adalah pelarut etanol dipanaskan dalam labu bundar sehingga menguap dan pipetin menggunakan kondensor, sehingga jatuh berupa cairan ke sample lada hitam untuk melarutkan zat isolassi di dalam sampel lada hitam dan iso,asi cairan pelarut telah mencapai permukaan sifon maka seluruh cairan pelarut etanol yang membawa solute telah mencapai permukaan sifon akan keluar melalui pipa kecil menuju labu bundar datar dan proses ini terjadi secara terus menerus atau continue sehingga terjadi proses soxhletasiHasil tadi kemudian dievaporasi yang bertujuan untuk memisahkan hasil ekstrak dengan pelarutnya, yakni etanol.

Memisahkan kristal yang terbentuk dari endapannya. Masih terdapatnya zat pengotor ini disebabkan senyawa piperin, merupakan senyawa alkaloid golongan amida yang dapat mengalami reaksi hidrolisis baik dalam suasana asam maupun basa.

Pengantar Praktikum Kimia Oganik.