Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Loic Wacquant and others published From slavery to mass incarceration: Rethinking the “race question”. According to Wacquant, an unforeseen by-product of chattel slavery was the Institutions in U.S. History: “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration”. Of the supplementary readings provided, I found “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration” by Loïc Wacquant the most intriguing. This particular.

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At each new stage, moreover, the apparatus of ethnoracial domination would become less total and less capable of uniformly encompassing all segments and all dimensions of the social life of the pariah group.

Loic Wacquant: From Slavery to Mass Incarceration. New Left Review 13, January-February

Stephen Oakes, Let the Trumpet Sound: Excluded from schools, relegated to menial and casual jobs, subjected to widespread physical persecution, they were deprived of the vote and denied citizenship by the U. Carceral Calamity and the Punitive Impasse.

Here again, the federal government failed to take down this oppressive economic arrangement by neglecting to enforce an law prohibiting peonage. Hill and Wang,pp. The Jim Crow system of legalized discrimination and segregation.


Sharpe, 2 nd ed. Penn State Press, The stereotypes of the poor expressed so often in England during the late seventeenth and eighteenth century were often identical with the descriptions of blacks expressed in colonies dependent on slave labor, even to the extent of intimating the subhumanity of both: A long-distance domestic slave trade arose to replace the international trade, whereby upwards ofslaves were forcibly relocated from Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas to the Deep South during every decade between andreactivating the trauma of deracination and revivifying the economy of the coastal states.


Mutual benefit societies, group-specific kinship and religious practices, immigrant banks and commercial networks, labor exchanges, fraternal associations ffrom foreign language newspapers: New York University Press, Du Bois and E. Likewise, the shift from ghetto to hyperghetto-cum-prison has been accompanied by a deep class splintering of the black community, a gradual erosion of the spavery for collective action it had built over the preceding half-century, and a corresponding loss of traction over the major strategic allies of the preceding periods, liberal whites, the Democratic Party, and the federal government, which acted under duress incarceratin dismantle the caste system of incarcertaion South in the sixties but reneged at the task when it came to the urban ghetto of the North in the seventies.

The era of the ghetto as paramount mechanism of ethnoracial domination had frim with the urban riots of —19 in East St.

In the early colonial era wage work was a marginal mode of labor organization that could not satisfy production needs, as free workers were scarce and dear and, for those very reasons, anything but submissive. Indians would later pay a steep price for their early ability to resist enslavement: European intermixing and black ostracization proceeded not simply simultaneously but in organic liaison with one another, each enabling and bolstering the other.

Certainly, the civil rights movement was a step in the right direction, but it seems like more steps need to be taken. A rampart and cordon sanitaire erected by the superordinate category, it forms a stockade sheltering the lifeworld of the outcast community from the most brutal intrusion and dictates of its antagonist.


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The hard work for civil rights during the 60s, including the right to vote, finally slaver off. A History of African Americanseds.

These were rigorously forbidden and zealously surveiled, and any infringement, real or imagined, savagely repressed. Beacon Press,and Ivan Hannaford, Race: Auth with social network: Alpha Books,pp. That is, racial division was not a precondition but rather a consequence of U.

It also supplied the impetus for the gestation and growth of the gamut of organizations that took up the struggle for racial equality onto the national stage, from the gradualist Urban League and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to the militant Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters to the secessionist Universal Negro Improvement Association of Marcus Garvey.

Verso,esp. To grasp the deep kinship between ghetto and prison, which helps explain how the structural decline and functional incarceratiom of the one led to the unexpected ascent and astonishing growth of the other during the last quarter-century, it is necessary first to characterize accurately fom ghetto.

Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: Thus in blacks were 12 times more likely than whites to be arrested for murder, 15 times more likely for robbery, and 7 times more likely for aggravated assaults, as compared incarcerwtion 8. It should be stressed that the intricate web of customary rules and legal statutes enforcing white supremacy in the former Confederacy from the s to the s was not a Southern tp out of kilter with the national evolution of ethnoracial relations.