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Blas de Lezo

In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.

One early victory involved the capture of Medioohmbre Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place defenceless.

He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and that would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession. Blas de Lezo was blamed [ by whom? There is no contemporary proof that these or others were actually used during Lezo’s lifetime. There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia.

Battle of Cartagena de Indias.

Although it has been claimed that he took many prizes during this period, documentary evidence indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Complutense University of Madrid. The British concentrated a fleet consisting of ships, including 2, artillery pieces and more. He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town. Three columns of grenadiers supported by Jamaicans and several British companies moved under cover of darkness, with the aid of an intense naval bombardment.

Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to vazqjez at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment. War of the Austrian Succession. Views Read Edit View history. In he was promoted to captain. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blas de Lezo.

Imprenta de la viuda de Calero.


Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish. Library fazquez about Blas de Lezo.

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. Lezo served in the Pacific in At this time, his left leg was hit by cannon-shot and was later amputated under the knee. In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the payment of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge.

Admiral Vernon tested Cartagena de Indias on three separate occasions. Coronet Coronet of a Marquess posthumously bestowed Escutcheon Quartered shield: In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America.

The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British governor of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective. In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona.

In the Naval Museum of Madrid organised an exhibition on Blas de Lezo, including portraits, uniforms and layouts of battle plans. The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries.

Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and he has thus been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history.

Author: Alber Vazquez

There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:. The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival. After comprehensively destroying the forts in their possession, the British began an orderly withdrawal back to Jamaica.


Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm. Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications. The actual attack on Cartagena de Indias took place on March May 20, In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy. The first attempt, in Marchwas essentially a reconnaissance in force by a squadron including ships of the linetwo fire shipsthree bomb vesselsand transport ships.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Lezo died four months after the siege was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: Retrieved 28 March In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences.

Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon.

Retrieved from ” https: Later in this campaign, his ship captured the Stanhope commanded by John Combes, sometimes claimed to be a gun but actually just a gun merchantman. Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye. A modern statue stands vazzquez front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas. Ferreiro, Measure of the Earth: