Geographic Range. Freshwater drum are the only members of the family Sciaenidae that inhabit freshwater. They have a vast distribution range that extends. Aplodinotus grunniens Rafinesque, Common name: Freshwater Drum. Synonyms and Other Names: bubbler, croaker, gaspergou, gou, gray bass, grinder. Image of Aplodinotus grunniens. Aplodinotus grunniens Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA

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The fish spawn within the water column. Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus grunniens.

ADW: Aplodinotus grunniens: INFORMATION

The freshwater drum competes with several organisms. The freshwater drum is not federally or state listed by any states. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: In some cases drum make a great bait to catch other fish species.

Utilized fresh and can be pan-fried and broiled Ref. The post larval stage begins about 45 hours after hatching and a length of 4. It feeds on many different types of food from crustaceans and seeds to minnows and aquatic insects. Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. Freshwater drum average inches in length. Accessed November 28, at http: Freshwater drum congregate in large schools to feed and breed.


The percentage of fish in their diet at this time ranges from percent. Freshwater drum are the only North American member of their family to exclusively inhabit freshwater freshwater family members in genera PachypopsPachyurusPetilipinnis and Plagioscion are from South America, [10] while Boesemania is Asian [11].

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The freshwater drumAplodinotus grunniensis a fish endemic to North and Central America. Retrieved from ” https: Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, ; Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife, ; Ross and Brenneman, ; Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, ; Trautman, Biogeographic Regions nearctic native Habitat Freshwater drum inhabit backwaters and areas of slack current in a wide range of habitats including deep pools in medium to large rivers and large, deep to shallow lacustrine environments.

The Fishes of Tennessee.

Fish of the Mississippi River. Juveniles feed on larval stages of mayflies and caddisflies. Range number of offspring 40, to 60, Average number of offspring AnAge Range aplodintus to hatching 1 to 4 days Range time to independence 5 to 8 days Average time to independence 6 days Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 5 to 6 years Range age at ggunniens or reproductive maturity male 4 to 6 years There is no parental involvement among freshwater drum after spawning.


Journal of Great Lakes Research. Anglers may be surprised to feel them vibrate like a cell phone.

Freshwater Drum/Sheepshead (Aplodinotus grunniens)

Fishes of the Great Lakes region. University Press of Mississippi. The size of freshwater drum varies based on food and habitat availability. Phylogenetic diversity index Ref.

Human uses

The scales are ctenoid and the lateral line scales can range from 49 to Freshwater drum Conservation status. Freshwater drum feed on prey at all hours of the night.

They prefer the bottom to be clean sand and gravel substrates. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

In April and May, the drum feeds on dipterans. East of Rocky Mountains in St.