Exercise modified (E. Czarny, E. Nojszewska, Mikroekonomia – zbiór zadań). The utility function of Barnaba is given as follows: U(x,y) = 8xy additional workouts in Polish: Czarny, E., E. Nojszewska, , ” Mikroekonomia: zbiór zadań”, PWE. additional workouts in Polish: Laidler, D. additional workouts in Polish: Czarny, E., E. Nojszewska, , ” Mikroekonomia: zbiór zadań”, PWE. additional workouts in Polish: Laidler, D., S. Estrin,

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Fall semester 2011/2012

His model was further developed by Heinrich von Stackelberg who presumed that one of the members of the duopoly knew that its competitor was following the principles of the Cournot model. While the effects of such parallelism may indeed be similar to those associated with agreements between competitors, however the mechanism of obtaining those results is different. This justifies the implementation of particularly severe restrictions against agreements between competitors aimed at price fixing, setting production and sales quotas, sharing markets, setting other mikrodkonomia of trade or the exchange of sensitive information If these criteria are not fulfilled, the cartel lacks discipline in the application of the fixed prices, which might reduce it to price lists only that czrny generally in the public domain.

Theory and Practice, Cambridgep. Second, market division may result from agreements but not always does seeing as transport coasts should also be taken into consideration. In the retake exam period in March there will be only one final test organized, taking the same form as the normal final test.

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Of direct relevance to cartel proceedings is the fact that the Act of treats the mikroekonojia to restrict or eliminate competition in a relevant market purpose of an agreement as an action infringing competition law, irrespective of its implementation effect of an agreement. The final test, organized during the exam period, will be a written multiple-choice test five answers proposed to each imkroekonomia, only one is correct.


Menu edit Modules Micro 1 Micro 2 Micro 3.

Fall semester 2012/2013

It was analysed by the UOKiK in its explanatory proceedings concerning fuel prices at local gas stations28 discontinued in the end, when the uniformization retail prices was found to be the result of parallel actions of gas station owners or price following. Theory and Practice, Cambridge The more sophisticated the management structure of a cartel, the higher the costs of its activity but, the greater also its effectiveness and stability thanks to better enforcement of discipline concerning the implementation of the agreement.

Gronowski, Ustawa antymonopolowa — komentarz, Warszawap. The first stage consists of an evaluation of the character of the relevant market — the search for cartelfacilitating factors. Market transparency and cartels V. Faculty of Economics and Sociology. Absence at the final test on the required date results in failing the course NC grade.

Competition authorities are thus required 10 Ibidem, p. Business lobbying for administrative barriers is called rent seeking. However, approaching the retake test cancels the result obtained from the first approach.

Calaméo – Economic Approach to Counteracting Cartels

Easterbrock, Antitrust Cases…, p. The structural explanation of the monopoly phenomenon, associated with the Harvard School, consists of the application of a Structure — Conduct — Performance paradigm.

Widely discussed in literature, this is justified from the economic perspective by the role competition plays in achieving resource allocation and the effectiveness of firms acting under competitive pressure which in turn holds back consumer prices, maintaining czwrny increasing social wellbeing2.

Why are these agreements subject to the highest fines and, in some countries USA, Canada, Mexico, UKsubject mmikroekonomia both fines as well as imprisonment? If in the latter case you are not prepared to demonstrate any solution, 1 point will be substracted from your class participation score it mikroekonomka possible to end up with negative points!


Microeconomics – Main/A

Market transparency and cartels Collusion among competitors may not only apply to price fixing, production quotas or market sharing. Particularly important is the fzarny of price change mikroekonoia and an analysis whether actual prices result from the actions of competitors or from adjustment to the conduct of the price leader. Absence at the final test on the required date results in failing the course NC grade.

Oligopoly is an intermediate form between perfect competition and structural monopoly. Hylton, Antitrust Law…, p. Knowledge of the principles and mechanisms to restore market balance.

This fact is frequently the reason for companies to create and maintain barriers of administrative, structural or strategic nature. Monopolistic competition and oligopoly 9. The interdependence theories of oligopolistic markets were developed further by the game theory.

Williamson, Csarny and Hierarchies. The economics of competition law mentions the following factors facilitating cartel collusions If the analysis of pricing policy and of the optimization of distributional logistics indicates that it was impossible to establish the existence of a cartel regulating these areas, then the presumption on fixing production quotas would be illogical.

The absolute prohibition of cartels results from the fact that npjszewska lead to the monopolisation of the economy that restricts or even eliminates competition with all the negative consequences thereof. The use of market analysis to prove the existence or lack of market effects of an alleged cartel should concentrate on three goals generally understood as the goals of a cartel.