The Spanish coup d’état attempt known in Spain by the numeronym F and also known As planned, the coup would require Tejero and General Jaime Milans del Bosch as its principal instigators, .. and Keystones of the Assault on Congress (El Golpe: Anatomía y Claves Del Asalto Al Congreso) by Busquets. – Buy F: El Golpe Del Cesid book online at best prices in India on Read F: El Golpe Del Cesid book reviews & author details and. Un civil y 32 militares fueron procesados por el intento de golpe de Estado Paradójicamente, el entonces comandante del Cesid José Luis.

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One of the assailants ordered, “Mr.

Police snipers took their places on rooftops, military marches were played on loudspeakers and a curfew was imposed on the citizens. As such, the date is sometimes remembered as “the Night of Transistor Radios” La noche de los transistores. Two reasons have been cited why this alleged plot was considered particularly dangerous: Arriving at the Zarzuela Palacethe royal residence, Armada offered the monarch dle trade-off: The insurgents’ hope, in taking both the executive and legislative authorities prisoner, was to create a power vacuum that would force a new political order.

It has been alleged [11] [13] [14] [15] [16] that during a lunch break in the F trial, and after being subjected to a particularly intense grilling session by the prosecutor, Cortina grabbed deo phone and was heard saying: Views Read Edit View history.

The first signs of unease in the army appeared in April Archived copy as title Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Interlanguage dsl template link number Use dmy dates from July Retrieved 5 October The officers held the parliamentarians and ministers hostage for 18 hours, during which time King Juan Carlos I denounced the coup cesif a televised address, calling for rule of law and the democratic government to continue.

Los que quedan del golpe | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS

The coup was vehemently condemned by member countries of the EECespecially e Spain was in preliminary negotiations for membership eventually joining in Part of the Spanish transition to democracy.

From my fatherwho was in Estoril — and was also very surprised to be able to contact me by phone — from my two sisters in Madrid and from friendly heads of State who encouraged me to resist. The bloodless yet apparently chaotic unravelling of the coup, the plethora of unanswered questions as to its unfolding, the staunch monarchist allegiance of two main conspirators Armada and Milans del Bosch and the King’s lengthy absence before he finally made a late-night public television address have fueled skepticism and conspiracy theories during the Campamento trial and have remained active ever since.


In essence, this version of events alleges that the coup itself was orchestrated by the Spanish Secret Services in connivance with the King and the Royal House as well as representatives of the major political parties and mainstream media, among others.

Eventually, thirty people out of some accused would be convicted for their involvement in the coup. Originally, Armada, one of the coup’s conspirators, had advocated a “milder” course of action, which he then proceeded to implement. The revolt, known as Operation Turiawas considered key if other military regions were to become involved in the coup. The coup attempt was linked to the Spanish transition to democracy. Archived from the original PDF on 4 March An armored convoy was dispatched to the Manises airbase in order to convince the commander there to support the coup; however, the Colonel of the 11th Wing in charge of the base not only refused to comply, he threatened to deploy two fighter jets armed with air-to-ground missiles which he claimed to have standing by with their engines running against the tanks sent by Milans del Bosch, thereby forcing the latter to withdraw.

Deploying 2, men and fifty tanks from his Motorized Division as well as troops from the port of Valencia onto the streets and into the city center, they occupied dfl Town Hall Ayuntamiento and the Valencian judicial court building Las cortes valencianas. Goppe page was last edited on 30 Decemberat From that moment on, the coup was understood to be a failure. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Constructing democracy in Southern Europe: Peculiaridades posteriores al atentado 5 de 7 — Alerta Digital”.

Spanish coup d’état attempt – Wikipedia

In Novemberthe Operation Galaxia military putsch was put down. Webarchive template wayback links Articles with Spanish-language external links CS1 maint: The Crown, symbol of the permanence and unity of the nation, will not tolerate, deo any degree whatsoever, the actions or behavior of anyone attempting through use of force to interrupt the democratic process of the Constitution, which the Spanish People approved by vote in referendum.


I address the Spanish people with brevity and concision: Local nationalists have asserted that the LOAPA law limiting the devolution fel the autonomous communities was passed to placate the military. The King, however, refused to receive Armada, who, shortly before midnight, entered the Congress of Deputies alleging that the King had ordered him to assume leadership of the government. Plenary Hall of the Congress of Deputies lower house of the Spanish legislaturein Madridwhere a group of Civil Guards, led by Antonio Tejeroburst in violently.

1981 Spanish coup d’état attempt

The plot’s centerpiece and apparent motivation was the so-called Operation Armadaa “soft” coup modeled after Operation De Gaulle and aimed at a national-unity government headed by Armada himself, consisting of an array of ministers from all the main political parties. Four factors generated tensions the governing Democratic Center Union coalition of conservative parties could not contain:.

Several TVE cameramen and technicians filmed almost half an hour of the event, providing the world with an audiovisual record of the attempted coup which would be broadcast several hours rel it ended. Shortly afterward, five of the parliament’s deputies were separated from the rest: After several minutes, all the Deputies retook their assigned congressional seats.

Retrieved 2 July Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The government then dismissed various police chiefs, while in the Interior Ministry there were resignations in solidarity with the torturers.

In the face of these exceptional circumstances, I ask for your serenity and trust, and I hereby inform you that I have given the Captains General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force the following order: This section needs additional citations for verification. Retrieved from ” https: The monarch, after protracted discussions with colleagues, was convinced of his military leaders’ loyalty to himself and the Constitution. As Armada was not the “competent military authority” that Tejero had been waiting for, the latter ceskd Armada’s claims with “My general, I didn’t assault Congress for this” and, after that, ignored him.