ENFERMEDAD MINAMATA PDF

ENFERMEDAD MINAMATA PDF

ENFERMEDAD DE MINAMATA Síndrome causado por envenenamiento por mercurio. ENVENENAMIENTO POR MERCURIO PRODUCCIÓN. 国立水俣病総合研究センターホームページへようこそ!水俣病に関する情報等を掲載し ています。. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTMINI.

Author: Tumuro Kazrashura
Country: South Sudan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 11 December 2007
Pages: 196
PDF File Size: 9.8 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.35 Mb
ISBN: 752-7-74318-594-3
Downloads: 38541
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardataxe

The animal effects were severe enough in cats that they came to be named as having “dancing cat fever”. According to Timothy S. On May 1, the hospital director reported to the local public health office the discovery of an ” epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system “, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

At the time the medical establishment believed the placenta would protect the foetus from toxins in the bloodstream, which is indeed the case with most chemicals.

Hot House members are also involved in raising awareness of Minamata disease, often attending conferences and seminars minamaya well as making regular visits to elementary schools throughout Kumamoto Prefecture.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Chisso’s Illegal Acts[32] published in Augustformed the basis of the ultimately successful lawsuit. To some patients, this ostracism by the community represented a greater fear than the disease itself.

Malaltia de Minamata

Despite the almost universal assumption to the contrary, the wastewater treatment miamata installed in December had no effect on the ennfermedad of organic mercury being released into the Shiranui Sea. The photo was very widely published. Slowly but surely, the mood in Minamata and Japan as a whole was shifting.

Victims of Yokkaichi asthma and Itai-itai disease were forming citizens’ groups and filed lawsuits against the polluting companies in September and Marchrespectively.

In fact, the wastewater from the acetaldehyde plant, which enfermesad company knew still contained mercury and led to Minamata disease when fed to cats, was not treated through the Cyclator at the time. The rapid expansion of the Minamata factory spurred on the local economy and as Chisso prospered, so did Minamata.

That summer, Chisso sent gifts to the families who opted for arbitration rather than litigation. Patients’ families were the victim of discrimination and ostracism from the local community.

One woman was visited personally by a Chisso executive and harassed by her neighbours. Chisso installed a Cyclator purification system on December 19,and opened it with a special ceremony.

The deception was successful and almost all parties involved in Minamata disease were duped into believing that the factory’s wastewater had been made safe from December onward. A founding member of the citizens’ council was Michiko Ishimurea local housewife and poet who later that year published Pure Land, Poisoned Sea: For that reason, the council has always been under immense pressure to reject claimants and minimise the financial burden placed on Chisso.

  LIBRO BIENVENIDO ESPIRITU SANTO BENNY HINN PDF

After several years of study and the autopsies of two children, the doctors announced that these children were suffering from an as yet unrecognised congenital form of Minamata disease. Despite this, from Septemberinstead of discharging its waste into Hyakken Harbour the focus of investigation and source of original contaminationit discharged wastewater directly into Minamata River.

Starting Augustthe co-catalyst was changed from manganese dioxide to ferric sulfide. Retrieved from ” https: Chisso knew of the environmental damage caused by its wastewater and was well aware that it was the prime suspect in the Minamata disease investigation. Emboldened by the success of the small Minamata cooperative, the Kumamoto Prefectural Alliance of Fishing Cooperatives also decided to seek compensation from Chisso.

The scientific research carried out in Niigata forced a re-examination of that done in Minamata and the decision of Niigata patients to sue the polluting company allowed the same response to be considered in Minamata. Akiyoshi used Japanese vocalists to sing the Japanese lyrics of a tone poem that were part of the composition. History of poison Toxinology. The arbitration group were dismayed by the sums on offer.

The litigation group and their lawyers were helped substantially by an informal national network of citizens’ groups that had sprung up around the country in The verdict handed down on 20 March represented a complete victory for the patients of the litigation group:. Many felt vindicated in their long struggle to force Chisso to accept responsibility for causing the disease and expressed thanks that their plight had been recognised by their social superiors. Furthermore, compensation of the victims led to continued strife in the community, including unfounded accusations that some of the people who sought compensation did not actually suffer from the disease.

His photographs cover the years to the present, with Minamata victims as his subjects. Their parents, who are often their only source of care, are into their seventies or eighties or already deceased.

The polluting factory owned by Showa Denko employed a chemical process using a mercury catalyst very similar to that used by Chisso in Minamata. This widespread assumption meant that doctors were not expecting new patients to appear, resulting in numerous problems in the years to follow, as the pollution continued.

  CATECISMO POSITIVISMO COMTE PDF

Minamata disease is a disease of the central nervous system, a poisoning caused by long-term consumption, in large amounts, of fish and shellfish from Minamata Bay. Although the environmental protests did result in Japan becoming more democratized, it did not completely rid Japan of the system that first suppressed the fishermen and victims of Minamata disease. As in Minamata, from the autumn of to the spring ofcats living along the banks of the Agano River had been seen to go mad and die.

The hand of Tomoko Uemuraa Minamata disease victim.

ENFERMEDAD DE MINAMATA by laura jorge on Prezi

He also spoke of his opposition to the change in wastewater output minwmata from Hyakken Harbour to Minamata River. In an attempt to undermine Kumamoto University researchers’ organic mercury enfermsdad, Chisso and other parties with a vested interest that the factory remain open including the Ministry of International Trade and Industry and minzmata Japan Chemical Industry Association funded research into alternative causes of the disease, other than its own waste.

Hair samples were taken from the victims of the disease and also from the Minamata population in general. Rather than being a council of medical recognition, the decisions of the council were always affected by the economic and political factors surrounding Minamata and the Chisso corporation.

Aquatic toxicology Ecotoxicology Occupational toxicology Entomotoxicology Environmental toxicology Forensic toxicology Medical toxicology In vitro toxicology Toxicogenomics. Two days later, her younger sister also began to exhibit the same symptoms and she, too, was hospitalised. The presumption that the defendant had been negligent from beginning to end in discharging wastewater from its acetaldehyde plant is amply supported.

Local people felt that the company and their city that depended upon it was facing economic ruin. In Japanese, despite the English title.

The final agreement was signed on 27 May. Chisso’s president Kiichi Yoshioka drank a glass of minamataa supposedly treated through the Cyclator to demonstrate that it was safe.