Chapter 1. OVERVIEW. ELECTRICAL POWER. Electrical power is an essential element of military operations. Without it, many crucial systems cease to operate. Field Manual (FM) supports engineer, Army, and joint missions throughout full spectrum operations. This FM provides a doctrinal basis for planning. FM The training and experience of prime power NCOs give them an in- depth working knowledge of electrical and electromechanical systems. Each 52E .
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A thorough load survey must be completed before work can begin on the installation of a power plant or the design of a distribution system. Army Regulation AR precludes the purchase of nonmilitary-standard generators without the express approval of the program manager-mobile electric power PM-MEP.
Enter Your Email Address. It ranges from the power produced by the smallest tactical generators TACGENS through prime power to the power produced and distributed by the largest commercial power plants and their associated transmission and distribution networks. This includes making in-line splices but does not include making connections to distribution transformers, load centers, or service equipment.
NTG power plants comprise the Army’s family of portable generators larger than kW.
Maintain 25 km of overhead or ground-laid secondary distribution line. Commercial power plants and their associated transmission and distribution networks are fixed nonstandard systems. Because the prime power teams have working knowledge of multiple power systems, they are able to repair, maintain, and operate industrial power 5-4222 and their associated controls.
In some cases, nonstandard generators may already be installed as backup.
FM Table of Contents
Engineer prime power units support sustainment engineering efforts by providing reliable power generation and power-related mf expertise.
Table shows the various possible configurations and the manpower requirements for continuous operation. Enter Your Email Address. Make 4 connections per day to the primary side of pole-mounted transformers. Performance contracts are needed when a power project exceeds the construction capabilities of the prime power unit or when contracted services are preferred over troop labor.
This is useful in determining how much power is available f, a system and whether the system is expandable or not. Construct or repair 1, meters of ground-laid primary distribution line per day. The proliferation of automated data processing equipment that supports modern warfare further contributes to the Army’s dependence on electricity.
FM Chptr 1 Overview
This function is performed by the vertical construction platoon of the combat-heavy, engineer-battalion line companies and by engineer utilities detachments.
NTGs require site preparation for installation. All distribution -5422 are designed and constructed with approved material and methods and include appropriate devices.
Engineer prime power units can produce large quantities of reliable power with their organic kW generators. A load survey is an analysis of power requirements. These power systems are part of the infrastructure, as are other utility systems. In this role, he acts as an electrical engineer staff officer to the theater engineer in a mature theater, or to the supported headquarters when a theater engineer is not available, providing information and recommendations on power-related issues.
The prime power unit can train the requesting unit personnel to operate and maintain this equipment. Administrative, health service support HSSand logistical support operations would be seriously 5–422 without it.
The units’ power-generation capability allows them to They provide a mobile source of power to units operating in the field. Chapter 4 contains information on the three modes of power generation. The load survey is a vital preliminary step in providing prime power support. Make 6 connections per day to the secondary side f pole-mounted transformers. For planning and estimating purposes, a team can Prime power teams are not mf used to perform interior electrical work such as interior wiring.
These power systems may be encountered in factories or other production plants where large quantities of power are required to operate heavy machinery. Prime power unit personnel cannot operate nuclear and fossil-fuel steam-powered plants or hydroelectric plants. Prime power personnel can help develop specifications for electrical performance contracts and purchase contracts for electrical material. For more complex projects, a critical path method CPM diagram is also produced.
Make 20 connections per day to service equipment, load centers, and the secondary side of pad-mounted distribution transformers. The prime power unit also designs temporary, ground-laid distribution systems. They may also be encountered in facilities such as ports, fuel-storage complexes, hospitals, refrigeration warehouses, and rail-switching centers. The portion of the continuum that is exclusively prime power represents power generation 5-4422 distribution accomplished by prime power units with their organic equipment.
The prime power unit commander is the theater’s subject-matter expert for f, power. Prime power operations also support postwar operations including redeployment, emergency restoration of host-nation services, and humanitarian assistance. Each prime power team is equipped with four kW generators, giving the team a 3-MW peak power-production capability.
PDF [Download] Field Manual FM 3-34.480 (FM 5-422) Engineer Prime Power Operations April 2007
From the military perspective, electrical power encompasses the entire spectrum of power generation, distribution, and transmission systems that support military operations. The overlap between prime power and commercial power may occur when a prime power unit repairs and maintains part of a distribution network on a commercial grid or when the unit taps into a commercial power source to provide power to a user.
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In all cases, the prime power team should work with indigenous power-plant operators ffm contracted technicians who are familiar with the power plant. Construct or repair meters of ground-laid secondary distribution line per day.
Responsibility for providing, operating, and maintaining the generators lies with the user.