Stöber, J. (). The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale: More perfect with four (instead of six) dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt, P.L., & Flett, G.L. (). Perfectionism and depression: A multidimensional analysis. Journal of Social Behavior. Abstract. Twenty-five years ago, one of the first empirically validated measures of perfectionism, the. Frost et al. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (F-MPS).

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Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale: the portuguese version

The four factor solution was similar to the structure found by other autors ,26 showing an aggregation of the CM and DA dimensions and of the PE and PC dimensions. The scale and all the four factors revealed a good internal consistency: Positive conceptions of perfectionism: The inclusion of the O dimension was not consensual.

It is commonly viewed as a personality trait characterized by striving for flawlessness and by the setting of excessively high standards for performance which is accompanied by a tendency to be overly critical of one’s behavior 1. We decided to maintain the items from the O dimension because there were modest but significant negative correlations between O and some of the negative perfectionism scales.

The original version revealed good reliability alpha: Perfectionism, theory, research and treatment. Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Frost Multidimensional perfectionism scale in women. The research aims and its voluntary nature were explained to the students. American Psychological Association; The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale is one of the most world widely used measures of perfectionism.

With approximately million speakers, Portuguese is one of the most spoken languages in the world. Corrected item-total correlations ranged from. The four component solution explained Aust NZ J Psychiat.


To compare two independent groups on continuous variables we used Student t-tests. Therefore, perfectionism has a role in the individual response to psychosocial stress and might be a transdiagnostic personality trait implicated in the vulnerability to many psychiatric disorders Prior to the principal components analysis PCAthe data suitability for factor analysis was assessed.

The six multicimensional were significant, as their eigenvalues 7. Materials and methods Participants and procedures Data for forst study were drawn from an ongoing research on Perfectionism and Stress. Acknowledgments The co-operation of the students is gratefully acknowledged. Monte Carlo PCA for parallel analysis [computer software].

Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: The FMPS factorial analyses indicated two robust factorial structures: The inter-correlations between dimensions and the total score were high and ranged from. This research project was reviewed and approved by the Ethical Committee of the Faculty of Medicine of University of Coimbra. The co-operation of the students is gratefully acknowledged. Another study 11 showed that personality characteristics, such as a self-demand trait a construct related to perfectionism, as perfectionists demand perfection of themselves, and self-imposed standards in salient domains that are personally demanding interfere with intestinal functioning, being associated with irritable bowel syndrome.

London and New York: The perfectionism model of binge eating: One hundred eighty one The discrepancies found were discussed between the research team and the independent reviewers.

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This scale has been validated and reveals good psychometric characteristics in many countries and cultures. Educational and Industrial Testing Service; In which respects to the six factor solution, the inter-correlations between dimensions scores were moderate and ranged from.

Perfectionism and the cortisol response to psychosocial stress in men. Psychometric properties of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale in a clinical anxiety disorder sample. Sherry SB, Hall A. In this study we used the shorter version composed by 36 items Bos et al. Eur Eat Disord Rev. Perfectionism as a transdiagnostic process: Pearson’s or Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to test variables associations. Profile of mood states. After they agreed to participate, they filled in the questionnaires.


Literature findings have indicated that perfectionism may be characterized by positive and negative dimensions, differently linked to various adaptive and maladaptive processes and outcomes. The validation of the FMPS Portuguese version offers a good and useful instrument for research and clinical purposes and expands the opportunity to investigate the adaptive and maladaptive aspects of perfectionism in Portuguese speaking populations.

To analyse the contribution of each item to the scale internal consistency, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the total scale, excluding each item were calculated and compared with the total scale alpha.

In future research it would be important to study FMPS properties in non-college student samples, and in clinical samples, and further investigate how well the scale performs in distinguishing positive and negative processes and outcomes.

Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale – Stöber (1998)

The original scale was translated by two Portuguese psychiatrists MH Azevedo; A Macedo dominating both languages and who had large experience on the translation of psychopathology assessment instruments. Longitudinal study on perfectionism and sleep disturbance.

Pers Soc Psych Rev. The cost of being perfect: