purpose has been the evaluation of gingival inflammation in children. Gingival Index (GI). The Gingival Index (Löe and Silness, ) was. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index of Loe and Silness from publication: Correlation of oral health of children with acute leukemia during the induction. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index (Loe and Silness ) from publication: A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of.

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Löe and Silness Plaque Index (PI)

A lower total plaque index in the group of children was demonstrated when the mothers helped the children to brush their teeth. The relationship between gingivitis and colonization by porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in children.

In the prospective study, all 12 examiners observed statistically significant differences between the prophylaxis treatment groups at the final visit for both mean number of bleeding sites and mean GI; the magnitude ranged from kndex The influence of some behavioral and social factors in plaque and gingival indexes of mothers and children was assessed by using the covariance analysis tests.

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Current status of indices of gingivitis. During the mixed dentition, similar amounts of gingival inflammation are observed in permanent and deciduous teeth Matsson and Goldberg 14; Ramberg, et al. CI 3 — Calculus covering greater than two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface and extending sub-gingivally. Abtand J.

Gingival index – Oxford Reference

Growth and development considerations in the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontitis in children. GI 2 — Moderate gingivitis with a wider band of inflammation and bleeding upon probing.

In countries where high levels of caries reduction were achieved such in Denmark, three-quarters of the parents of 6 years old children answered that they believed children less than 10 years old need help from adults in toothbrushing Petersen 20 Significant correlation of plaque between mother-child was found only when “Total” low correlation or “Molar” moderate correlation plaque index was considered Table 3.


National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. How to cite this article. Two X-rays from molar region bitewing and two from the anterior region periapical were taken from each subject to assess the distance from the cementoenamel junction to the alveolar bone crest CEJ-ABC distance. Although the oldest children did not show the highest values for plaque accumulation, they exhibited the highest total gingival index values, indicating an increase in gingival reaction to dental plaque accumulation with age, as described in the literature Bimstein and Matsson 5; Matsson 13; Matsson and Goldberg 15 A method of recording the clinical severity of gingival inflammation.

Twelve experienced clinicians participated. The mean values of plaque and gingival indexes from the children and their mothers are shown in Table 1. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The clinical findings were also correlated with reported social conditions and oral hygiene habits.

A Dutch study pointed out that a quarter of 12 years-old children were not supervised in their oral home care Petersen 20 The data collected from the mothers’ group and from the children’s group were statistically analyzed both separately and with the two groups together. Children’s plaque index was also reduced when their mothers answered that they flossed “always”, showing that mother’s frequency of flossing may reflect their awareness of the importance of oral hygiene, which could be transmitted and stimulated in the children.

April 26, – Modification: A method was developed to mathematically relate the average GI score and degree of bleeding observed for a subject. PI 3 — Plaque covering greater than two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface. In the children’s group, the eventual absence of proximal contact in the gingval of incisors may have also contributed to a lower plaque index.


In addition, interexaminer calibration is a mechanism that can be utilized to minimize the impact of different examiner styles in clinical settings involving more than one examiner.

Support Center Support Center. Total gingival index was decreased with an increase in frequency of children’s tooth brushing and when their mothers declared they are used to flossing everyday.

Show Summary Details Overview gingival index. Periodontal status in childhood and early adolescence: One trained examiner performed the all clinical examination. The variables that were associated to mother’s plaque index were mother’s age, frequency of flossing and the fact of having a job.

See also sulcus bleeding index. Therefore, it is more effective to change behavior through the route of behavior itself than through the route of knowledge.

No significant correlation between plaque and gingival indexes could be found between the pairs. Publications Pages Publications Pages.

It is therefore suggested that any study of periodontal disease should be based on fundamental criteria, such as bleeding or oedema, rather than on composite indices. Plaque development and gingivitis siness the primary dentition. Sign in with your library card.

Development of gingivits in pre-school children and young adults. Services on Demand Journal. Mother’s and child’s plaque and gingival indexes were recorded during clinical examination.