Over the course of thirty years, Hermann Samuel Reimarus () secretly drafted what would become the most thorough attack on revelation to date. REIMARUS, HERMANN SAMUEL (–), German theologian and philosopher. Son of a scholar, grandson of a clergyman, student and son-in-law of J. A. Whilst Hermann Samuel Reimarus has justly received a chapter in the history of biblical criticism, he has lacked a dedicated treatment of his.

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There was thus no need for detailed instruction regarding the nature of the Kingdom of Heaven; the catechism and confession of the Church at its commencement consisted of a single phrase.

Hermann Samuel Reimarus | German philosopher |

For them there was no difficulty in accepting the belief that He was the Messiah, the Son of God, for this belief did not involve anything metaphysical. It was Lessing’s greatness that he grasped the significance of this criticism, and felt that it must lead either to the destruction or to the recasting of the idea of revelation. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

Luther had not so much as felt that he cared to gain a clear idea of the order of the recorded events. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. It appears, then, that the hope of the Parousia was the fundamental thing in primitive Christianity, which was a product of that hope much more than of the teaching of Jesus.


Strauss, and Albert Schweitzer. Reimarus mercilessly exposes the position of the apostle, who was obliged to fob people off somehow or other.

He did no really miraculous works; otherwise, the demands for a sign would be incomprehensible. His duties were light; and he employed his leisure in the study of philologymathematics, philosophyhistorypolitical economy, science, and natural history, for which he made large collections.

The complete work has been published as edited by Gerhard Alexander 2 vols, Frankfurt am Main: What added to the offence was that he saw the eschatology in hermannn wrong perspective.

But this was the first time that a really historical mind, thoroughly conversant with the sources, had undertaken the criticism of the tradition. Semler, at the close of his refutation of the fragment, ridicules its editor in the following apologue. We can well understand that his work must have given offence when it appeared, hermanj it is a polemic, not an objective historical study. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.

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Hermann Samuel Reimarus – Wikiquote

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. The fragments of the Apologie caused Lessing to break with the eighteenth-century assumption that religious truth depended on the historicity of certain alleged events in scripture. Pfleiderer felt Reimarus had no concept of an immanent reason Philosophy of Religion, Eng.

Lessing could not, of course, accept its standpoint.

It is a skillful falsification of yermann life of Jesus in which the omissions, and the additions taken from the Apocrypha, are inspired by the sole purpose of presenting to the open-minded ruler a glorious Jesus, in whom there should be nothing to offend him. Some writers, including Albert Schweitzercredit Reimarus with initiating the scholarly investigation of the historical Jesus.


The essential truths of the former are the existence of a wise and good Creator and the immortality of the soul. Appointed professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages at the Hamburg Gymnasium, or preparatory schoolinReimarus made his house a cultural centre and meeting place for learned and artistic societies.

But since Jesus has not yet appeared upon the clouds of heaven “these words must be strained into meaning, not that generation, but the Jewish people. The original manuscript is in the Hamburg town library. Reimarus’s reputation as a scholar rests on the valuable edition of Dio Cassius which he prepared from the materials collected by J.

Hermann Samuel Reimarus

Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account? Moreover, the Bible was not a doctrinal compendium, or catechism, which a true revelation would have to be. Their hearers would naturally think of the customary meaning of the term and the hopes which attached themselves to it.

The philosophy of religion is an integral part of philosophy as such and embraces central issues regarding the nature…. The Toleration of the Deists.