Title in English: Termodynamika a statistická fyzika II. Guaranteed by: Institute of J. Kvasnica: Statistická fyzika: Academia, Praha, L. E. Reichl: A Modern. Title in English: Termodynamika a statistická fyzika. Guaranteed by: Institute of J. Kvasnica: Statistická fyzika (Academia, Praha, ). M. Noga, F. Čulík: Úvod. Kvasnica Statistická Fyzika Ed1 – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online.
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Quantisation of velocity and energy, velocity distribution, equation of state, heat capacities cV and cP, isothermal, adiabatic and Joule expansions, real gas.
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. Microcanonical ensemble, equipartition and virial theorem, Gibbs paradox. Teaching methods – Czech English. Meeting with international participation. However, the main part of the course is mostly based on the classical thermodynamics. Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics. fyzka
Grand canonical partition function. Temperature, the meaning of temperature for large systems, thermal equilibrium, Boltzmann distribution, the meaning of temperature for small systems, partition function, negative temperature. Phase transitions classification, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, Ehrenfest equations, Landau theory of phase transition, the behavior near critical point.
Third law of thermodynamics. Some features may not be available. Ideal Bose-Einstein gas Chemical potential, Bose-Einstein condensation, superfluidity, the phonon gas, Einstein-Debye model of solids, photon gas, black body radiation.
Concepts of probability theory and mathematical statistics in statistical physics.
Literature – Czech English. Annotation – Czech English.
Classical statistical mechanics Macroscopic and microscopic states, ergodic systems and thermodynamic limit. Entropy, entropy associated with the heat capacities of the stqtistick. Boltzmann-Gibbs definition, kanonical distribution, the law of increase of entropy, configurational entropy, the connection between equilibrium statkstick and heat, Third law of thermodynamics.
Selected problems of statistical mechanics Gas of classical interacting particles Interacting dilute gas, classical cluster, group, and virial expansion. The partition function, partition sum integral. Students are graded according to the results of the oral and written kvsanica. The relation of thermodynamics, statistical physics and mechanics, phase space, microstate and macrostate, statistical ensemble, time and ensemble averaging, fluctuations, homogeneous and heterogeneous systems, thermodynamic equilibrium, energy in thermodynamic systems, adiabatic processes, reversible and dissipative work, First law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics.
The main ideas of thermodynamics. Law of mass action. Collect the basic principles of thermodynamics and statistical physics Define the physical quantities for describing statistical ensembles with great numer of particles Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the thermodynamic phenomene Interpret the knowlidges from the mathematical statistics for solving of sgatistick physical problems.
The second law of thermodynamics. Free expansion of a gas. Second law of thermodynamics.
PřF:F Therm. and stat. phys. – Course Information
Dependence of thermodynamic quantities on mass. The interpretation of basic ideas and laws of thermodynamics is vyzika on its statistical description. The first law of thermodynamics, heat capacity. Annotation – Czech English.
Dependence of thermodynamic potentials of the number of particles in the system. Some features may not be available.