Louis Wirth (August 28, – May 3, ) was an American sociologist and member of the His interests included city life, minority group behaviour and mass media and he is recognised as one of the leading urban sociologists. Wirth writes that urbanism is a form of social organisation that is harmful to culture , and. Louis Wirth posits similar reasons for the differences in the urban and rural milieu as does Georg Simmel. Wirth argues that the shift between. Louis Wirth has mentioned four characteristics of urban system or urbanism Following Louis Wirth, Urbanism is a way of life, is characterised by extensive.

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Definition, Evolution and Growth. Urban people were seen as less isolated, less dependent on kin, influenced by science and professionals rather than by the sacred and priests.

Urbaniem Rupert B. Under such circumstances competition and formal control mechanisms furnish the substitutes for the bonds of solidarity that are relied upon to hold a folk society together The characterization of a community as urban on the basis of size alone is obviously arbitrary By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Without rigid adherence to predictable routines a large compact society would scarcely be able to maintain itself. Views Read Edit View history. On the subjective side, as Simmel has suggested, the close physical contact of numerous individuals necessarily produces a shift in the media through which we orient ourselves to the urban milieu, especially urganism our fellow-men.

No single group has the undivided allegiance of the individual. Large numbers involve, as has been pointed out, a greater range of individual variation. Ellwood Robert E. A number of sociological propositions concerning the relationship between A numbers of population, B density of settlement, C loujs of inhabitants and group life can be formulated on the basis of observation and research. The technological developments in transportation and communication which virtually mark a new epoch in human lokis have accentuated the role of cities as dominant elements in our civilization and have enormously extended the urban mode of living beyond the confines of the city itself.


Whereas the individual gains, on the one hand, a certain degree of emancipation or freedom from the personal and emotional controls of intimate groups, he loses, on the other hand, the spontancous self-expression, the morale, and the sense of participation that comes with living urbamism an integrated society. Thus, for instance, the low and declining urban-reproduction rates suggest that the city is not conducive to the traditional type of family life, including the rearing of children and the maintenance of the home as the locus of a whole round of vital activities.

All these phenomena can be substantially verified through objective indices. In liffe industrialised society, urbanism has become the predominant way of life.

We tend to acquire and develop a sensitivity to a world of artifacts, and become progressively farther removed from the world of nature. Typically in the city, interests are made effective through representation.

Characteristically, urbanites meet one another in highly segmental roles. A sociologically significant definition 1 of the city seeks to select those elements of urbanism which mark it as a distinctive mode of human group life.

Louis Wirth

His research was mostly concerned with how Jewish immigrants adjusted to life in urban America, as well as the distinct social processes of city life. Were it not for the attraction and suggestions that the city exerts through these instrumentalities upon the rural population, the differences between the rural and the urban modes of life2 would he even greater than they are. Urban society is highly heterogeneous and specialised. On the basis of the postulates which this minimal definition suggests, a theory of urbanism may be formulated in the light of existing knowledge concerning social groups.

Meanwhile the city as a community resolves itself into a series of tenuous segmental relationships superimposed upon a territorial base with a definite center but without a definite periphery, and upon a division of labor which far transcends the immediate locality and is world-wide in scope.

Thomas John M. The diversity of social life springs from the size, density and heterogeneity of the population, extreme specialization of the various occupations and class structures existing in the larger communities. Rather the groups with which the person typically is affiliated are tangential to each other or intersect in highly variable fashion.


The city has thus historically been the melting-pot of races4, peoples, and cultures, and a most favorable breeding-ground of new biological and cultural hybrids.

The urban world puts a premium on visual recognition. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the face of the disappearance of the territorial unit as a basis of social solidarity, we create interest units.

Urbanism as a Way of Life: Concept and Characteristics

The dominance of the city, especially of the great city, may be regarded as a consequence of the concentration in cities of industrial, commercial, financial, and administrative facilities and actvities, transportation and communication lines, and cultural and recreational equipment such as the press, radio stations, theaters, libraries, museums, concert halls, operas, hospitals, colleges, research and publishing centers, professional organizations, and religious and welfare institutions.

This enlarged market is only in part supplied by the city’s hinterland; in large measure it is found among the large numbers that the city itself contains.

According pouis some, urbanism Indicate a wide acquaintance with things and people. Drop files here or. Kohn Herbert J.

Urbanism as a way of life

The rise of cities in the modern world is undoubtedly not independent of the emergence of modern power-driven machine technology, mass production, and capitalistic enterprise; but different as the cities of earlier epochs may have been by virtue of their development in a preindustrial and precapitalistic order from the great cities of today, they were also cities.

The operations of the pecuniary nexus lead to predatory relationships, which tend to obstruct the efficient functioning of the social order unless checked by professional codes and occupational etiquette.

Louis Wirth August 28, — Urhanism 3, They studied the city in terms of changing patterns of spatial arrangements of population and institutions.